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State of Emergency Decision by Turkish Government

Posted by Lilas Mahmandar on 22 July 2016

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan announced on Wednesday a state of emergency (OHAL) in Turkey for three months and that the impact of the coup attempt last Friday evening.

However, Erdogan assured the people that the army will not be running the country and that he will not run martial law during a state of emergency (OHAL) which is three months duration and can be extended for 6 months, according to the Turkish Constitution.

The Council of Ministers of Turkey take the decision to apply a state of emergency (OHAL) after a meeting chaired by the President of the Republic and presented to the parliament to be approved, where it should not be more than 6 months and then parliament can extend it for a period of four months each time if the causative conditions are continued in a particular region or in the full the country.

Turkish Constitution gives the government the right to take measures contrary to the guarantees enshrined in the Constitution, also granted the right to suspend access to basic rights and freedoms in accordance with the conditions of phase in whole or in part and so on condition of forcing persons to the announcement of religion or ideology or conviction and also on condition of prejudice to the equal rights of people to live and moral and material properties and also it is not possible incrimination until proven so by a court decision.

If the declaration of a state of emergency is limited to one state so the Turkish Constitution is granted functions and powers in the application of state of emergency only to the governor of the state, If the declaration of a state of emergency for a region of more than one state so the right is granted to the Governor of the region. As if the state of emergency covers the whole country the functions and powers are given to the presidency of coordination and cooperation.

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